Before installing anything on a computer, you must answer the logical question "why?". Why install Linux on your system? How can I help you? You may have heard that it is better than Windows, that it is more stable, but what defines this advantage over other platforms, this stability? But when it comes to Linux, many will ask, 'What is Linux really?'

This is a very general question and it would be easier to answer the question 'What is not Linux?'. Well, Linux is an operating system (OS = Operating System), just like Windows in principle, the basis for a wide range of utilities, but designed totally differently. Linux was built on the UNIX operating system, the ancestor of the Internet. Indeed, if you didn't know, the Internet was designed in its early stages for UNIX systems. Given that Linux was also developed on the basis of UNIX, it inherited its security and stability on the Internet. That is why, in the past, it was used only as a server, and not as workstations, but times have changed! From a command line operating system it has become an extremely user-friendly graphical interface system, so today many companies prefer Linux solutions.

That being said, let's start the argument, why install Linux in your home? Here are some reasons why Linux should be installed on any computer:

1. System stability
2. System and network security
3. Small number of viruses
4. Amount of software
5. Freedom to choose
6. Given that it is Open Source, Linux is also the most translated system.
7. Well-developed technical support
8. License cost (full cost of the product)
9. Modularity (performance, space occupied, low consumption of system resources)
10. Possibility to contribute to system development

System stability
Due to the file access system based on names and user groups, no one can infringe their rights. Each user has full rights to the files in their home directory, and nothing more. In other words, a regular user does not have the ability to delete system files, so it cannot jeopardize its stability.
Obviously, there are programming errors in Linux as well. Developers are also human and they make mistakes from time to time. The difference is that if a program crashes or enters a continuous cycle, it will not pull the whole system, so goodbye "blue screen of death".

The security of the
Linux system and networks is constantly evolving. The OpenSource community is expanding worldwide and, thanks to it, any bug is detected and fixed in no more than a week. There are hundreds or even thousands of presentations related to the installation, configuration and correct use of programs and the system itself translated into most languages. The Romanian community also has a major contribution to their development and location. All these arguments prove that a well-developed Linux system is impenetrable.

Small number of viruses
Under Linux, a virus has absolutely no chance of infecting the entire system. If a user launches a virus, it will only infect files in their home directory due to file access rights. Therefore, under Linux the number of viruses tends to 0.

The amount of
Linux software is not developed by a single company. There are thousands of people around the world who contribute to writing programs. In addition to commercial distributions, which mostly come with a number of system-specific administration programs, there is the so-called Open Source community and the GNU GPL (General Public License). This community is a non-profit organization that allows the distribution of programs along with their source code, and the GPL is a license under which free software can be distributed. These possibilities bring enormous advantages to software development, because the programmer can take source code from anywhere and use it in his own programs or can modify already existing source codes to fix the different security niches.

Freedom to choose
If we take into account the arguments mentioned above, we can conclude that under Linux there is a lot of software, so there is the possibility to find more programs that probably do the same thing in different ways. Therefore, we have the opportunity to choose what we like the most. For example, under Linux there are not one, not two, but dozens of graphical interfaces, each with its own design, themes and programs. Everyone is free to choose the interface they like best. But the best thing is that the programs in one interface work under any other interface, for example if you like the KDE graphical interface and you have a favorite program under Gnome, running it in KDE will not cause any problems.

Well-developed technical support
Due to the fact that the program sources are open, each user has the possibility to add or modify the source code of the programs. Any user can discover a bug, report it and, in a maximum of one week, the respective software developers launch a bugfix that solves the problem. How many times have you discovered an error in Windows, reported it and received no response?

The cost of the license (the full cost of the product)
At this point, Linux is very different from Windows. For Mcrosoft operating systems, the user buys the right to use the program (its license), while in the case of Linux systems, the user buys the program itself. What is the advantage? Simple. If someone has purchased a Linux system, they can install it as many times as they want, on as many computers as they want. In addition to Windows, Linux contains not only the operating system, but also a set of utilities in all areas.

Modularity
In Linux, packages are interdependent. Usually, in order to be able to use a program, in addition to the package that contains it, other dependency packages must be installed. However, this apparent inconvenience is fully rewarded: other software packages may also depend on already installed packages and thus save hard disk space. In Windows, two similar programs each install their own files, even if they use the same resources. For example, if you install two or more programs to listen to music, they use the same codecs, and perform the same functions (play music), but have different files. As a result, more space will be taken up on the hard disk.

Possibility to contribute to the development of the system
Because they are Open Source, the programs (and not only), can be analyzed and modified. Anyone who discovers a bug can report it or, if they have the necessary knowledge, can correct it, thus bringing a benefit to the community.
Advanced users can optimize and customize their systems according to needs.
In the Linux world, everything is free.

Okay, okay, you'll say, Linux is good for the internet, has many programs and is free, but how do I install it? Here comes our magazine, EasyLinux, which shows you how to install, configure and use this system to its full potential. The magazine includes step-by-step instructions and numerous screenshots designed to make your life easier.

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TENDINTA  |  Linux access rights - permissions
FlorinM                   gnulinux.ro
FlorinM
Utilizator Linux - Solus OS, pasionat de calatorii.
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